Once known for its rich dugong population, the coastal Straits of Johor and its environs have undergone significant economic development with the establishment of three world-class ports, including the recently commissioned Pelabuhan Tanjung Pelepas (PTP). As a result, the coastal ecosystem in the Strait of Johor is under increasing pressure, highlighting the urgent need for advanced monitoring and management strategies to mitigate negative impacts and ensure the conservation of marine biodiversity.