SPACE SYNTAX ON SPATIAL VISIBILITY OF SUNGAI BUNUS AS SOCIAL NODE AT KAMPUNG BAHRU, KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

BUNUS PAVILLION
Dr Sharifah Salwa Syed Mahdzar and Rashidah Jimi Sham

Master of Architecture – Final Architectural Thesis

The global trend in the modern development often does not do justice and damaging to the natural beauty of old river located in the central district of cities. The case was noticed happening to ‘Sungai Bunus’ (Bunus River), which was once served as the main transportation route for the early settlements in Kampong Bharu – a liveable traditional village which is located in the heart of Kuala Lumpur city centre, Malaysia. Destructively affected by the vast urbanization, currently, Sungai Bunus bears a notorious reputation for being the only river that is stuck in the middle of the village as it needs to cater the drainage and other inland waterway system within the city structure. Though spanning 9.2 kilometer long, unfortunately, it is seemed buried and left unnoticed to most residents in the area. Due to the heavy pollution and massive floods in 2007 and 2011, the river is now covered and used as a cycling track for the city residents. The improper treatment, the wrong usage of the covered path spanning over the river and the disjointed paths along it, have all actually blocked the view sight of the people moving through and fro the area regularly on daily basis. This study investigates the spatial morphological properties of Sungai Bunus. It aims to reveal its spatial and social importances in order to reuse the covered path over the river as a third place where residents could experience space more meaningfully, through the proposed architectural intervention of Bunus Pavillion. The spatial potential of the river to direct a much active movement into the area is optimized. Series of space syntax analyses were done to measure the connectivity and integration values of Kampung Bahru village with respect to its local and global network of context. In addition, gate and people following observations were carried out in weekdays and weekends. Questionnaires were also distributed in order to examine the social awareness of the people towards the presence of Sungai Bunus. The Axial Analysis reveals that Kampong Bharu has high integration value, stressing the significant presence of Sungai Bunus in the middle as connector for the site. The injection of pocket spaces functioning as the third place seemed also plausible. The visual permeability is then measured by using visual graph analysis where high correlation values were found when running the visual integration and visual connectivity of the site. The central area of the pavilion is then defined by the visual graph analysis and became the most visible space of the pavilion. The central path, functioning as the key space feature, holds the attention of the passerby to acknowledge the presence of the river there. The study concludes that the spatial potential of Sungai Bunus, need to be integrated into the design of the cycling tracks and pedestrian path that spans over it. Space syntax analysis has revealed the potential of the space to be generate a high density of movement for making it as a more livable and safe recreational area for the Kampung Bahru community.

Preliminary Space Syntax Axial Map of Ampang Road within Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC) Vicinity

5 km radius axial map analysis from KLCC area. The west side of Ampang Road shows a high integrated value, whilst a lower value is computed on the east side of it.

SPACE SYNTAX AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL STUDIO WITH EVIDENCE BASED DESIGN DECISION METHODS AT UTM :

 

SPACE SYNTAX AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARCHITECTURAL STUDIO WITH EVIDENCE BASED DESIGN DECISION METHODS IN UTM

NEW Spirit URBANISM workbase by Dr Sharifah Salwa Syed Mahdzar : A Compilation of four samples of Final thesis for Master of Architecture (LAM Part 2)

This section displays the range of space syntax applications that have been used in producing an evident based design approach for the architectural studio at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Space Syntax research tools of analysis has been globally applied in the fields of architecture, interior design, urban design, planning, transportation, archaeology, psychology and many more. However, much exploration is still much needed in finding the ways of applying space syntax methods as a teaching tool for the undergraduate and postgraduate levels, especially to students who has little knowledge of it. This poses a practical challenge in enabling the students to be able to value the empirical aspects of space for their design scheme. IT also raises question on the effective use of this tool in helping architectural students making their design decisions for the academic studio projects. The selected works below have shown the range of use of space syntax methods and the limitation of the tools that can be used in helping students making decisions for their proposed schemes. Four samples of architectural design outputs of Master of Architecture Final Thesis projects of the students were analysed. The selected student’s works are categorized according to the specific syntactical method used for their design process of analysis. The general use of axial line analysis has been shown quite effectively used as it is easy to be understood and applied into the proposed schemes. The method has been used by the students especially for their site analysis. This allows them to make a firm decision of the design strategies for the chosen site. The study also shows the use of Visual Graph Analysis which has become the favourite tools for the students to help them further in making a more objective decision so as to make the proposals to be more reliably valid.  The VGA has then been explored further and students were able to demonstrate a more convincing and expressive form of design for their class project. The application as clearly visible when the VGA tools have been used extensively for the interior exterior context of the spaces studied. It is concluded that space syntax research tools is much needed and much exploration is still needed in making it as effective design teaching tools to architectural students worldwide.

 

  1. SPATIAL VISIBILITY OF DBKL INTEGRATED VERTICAL DINING PAVILLION by SAFWAN SAIFUDDIN ZULKERNAIN
  2. WHEELCHAIR ACCESSIBLE DESIGN: PHYSICAL SPACE AND SOCIAL INCLUSION by PHUA CHU YUN
  3. THE VISUAL FIELD (‘ISOVIST’) OF SPACES IN URBAN BOTANICAL GALLERY by AMIRUL HAKIM JAMIL
  4. DESIGNING A MUSIC REHEARSAL SPACE FOR THE DEAF by MUHAMMAD NURHALIFF BIN LATIF

 

URBAN COFFEE 2.0

URBAN COFFEE SHARING SESSION
ORGANIZED BY: NEW SPIRIT WORKBASE SESSION 2017

AIMS
This program aims to provide an in depth understanding on urban issue. This is because New Spirit workbase of Master in Architecture is the unit which focuses on urban rejuvenation especially in city area. In general, this program is expected to help students especially those who are pursuing urban design to implement this knowledge onto their studio projects as well as to understand the school of thought for urban studies between UTM and UiTM as one of the most ideal medium in acquiring information in architectural field.

 

OBJECTIVES

  • To share knowledge on the urban study between the university.
  • To encourage participation of students in each of the activities organized by the architecture studio and student associations.
  • To share Space Syntax as a pioneer software in developing urban studies and analysis.

 

PARTICIPATION
The event is a collaboration between UTM Skudai and UiTM Puncak Alam by student of urban workbase from respective university. The event is organize by 14 student which assist the visitor school and the participant from other various workbase under architecture wing of UTM. The event is initiate by the studiomaster Dr. Sharifah Salwa Syed Mahdzar (Urban: New Spirit ).

 


Phase 1 : Introduction presentation by Dr Sharifah S S Mahdzar and Ar Chan
The event started off with a welcoming speech given by Ar. Chan Wai Lai to address attendees including the lecturer and fellow students from UiTM. Fellow lecturers and guests were introduced and warmly received with applause from the audience. It is then followed by an introductory presentation by Dr. Sharifah Mahdzar sharing about the urban design approach taken by the master students in UTM. The presentation briefly explains about how the urban workbase in UTM is conducted with insights on the different phases of the approach, such as site analysis, design conceptualization and so on. This presentation provides a basic understanding for the students of UiTM regarding the urban workbase in UTM and how they can take reference from these methods of studies for their own research purposes. It also serves as an opening for the urban studies sharing session.

Phase 2: presentation by Dr Sharifah S S Mahdzar on Segget Forum
The sharing session started with Oh Beloved Death and Life of Johor Segget River by Dr. Sharifah Mahdzar. The introduction was mainly focussed on the city centre and to introduce the main key feature of the city which is the Segget River. Segget originally came from the word Sea-gate, but it had been localized to Segget by the Johorean. Dr Sharifah explained the findings through space syntax in way to introduce the software as a tool for urban study to the students. Space Syntax helps to visualize some criteria that could be taken into design consideration. Numbers of questions arose from UiTM students as they are choosing Johor Bahru city as their urban study site for this year. Some were very intrigued and excited to know more regarding Space Syntax tools. They also shared and discussed some information and findings that they managed to get during the three days study.

 

GREAT SEGGET FORUM 2017

“GREAT SEGGET FORUM 2017”

Great Segget Forum was held in Johor Bahru, at Sungai Segget (the famous historical river of Johor Bahru) on 21st Aug 2017. The event was organised in conjunction with ‘N30N’ The National Students Architectural Workshop 2017, a collaboration of event between UTM Department of Architecture, Johor Bahru Municipality (MBJB), Iskandar Regional Development Authority (IRDA) and Malaysian Institute of Architects  (PAM). This community-led initiative was conducted by Dr Sharifah S S Mahdzar from UTM, for the final engagement with IRDA, which is lead by Maimunah Jaafar, Head of Planning and Compliance.

Featuring “Goreng Pisang Session” (‘a discourse session with Banana Fritters’), is a platform through which informal discourses among academicians, professionals, authorities, and the public can be made possible for them to voice out opinions and comments, to give input for the future and better development of our beloved and prestigious Sungai Segget, ‘the heart of Johor Bahru City” – where the initial life of the city began.

Aiming to bring back the soul of Sungai Segget as one of the major tourist destinations of Johor, the IRDA’s proposed plan optimises road design to allow 60% pedestrian and 40% vehicular access which generates more economic activities to attract visitors and encourage landowners to develop their businesses in line with the project.  The forum has allowed IRDA to engage public directly to get their feed backs on the design of the landscapes in the rehabilitation process of Sungai Segget which will commence in early year 2018.

Overall, the operation of Great Segget Forum was a successful event managed with much dedication and tireless help by UTM students and the organising committee by the workshop director Amirul Hakim Jamil, who is a PhD candidate at UTM. Despite the shorthanded of manpower and constraint budget, the event was well executed.

In the realm of built environment and urban design, it is hoped that the students have learned and acquired some new knowledge about the research and its importance. The forum event indirectly have given some hands on experience to the students after all the short exercises they have had to undertake in the operation of the research by doing some primary observation of people, together with the compilation of the analysis materials they did for the final presentation.

My words to the students after the event ; “Bravo team, and especially to David Nee and An Qi for the last round we had had in my office the night before. I know it very well that we, architects would be at our best in the last seconds!!! Corina Lim, I don’t think I need to mention much here, your commitment and responsibility in the final execution of the event is magnificent” ( Dr Sharifah, 2017)

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Segget Updates: Community Based Design Landscape